An elephant’s trunk comprises 6 muscle groups that are subdivided into 100,000 individual muscles, and the elephant shows considerable dexterity in using this extensive power network. In India, police force officers use elephants to move illegally parked cars. The elephant wraps its trunk around the offending auto and moves it out from the way. On the other end of the spectrum, elephants have enough control over their power in order grasp and lift a raw egg with the trunk without breaking the shell. An elephants uses the fingerlike projections at the end of its trunk to scratch itchy skin behind its ears or even to wipe dust far from its eyes. A mother elephant guides her youngster using her trunk just how a shepherd works on the staff to corral sheep, nudging the infant gently underneath her body if she spots a predator, or pushing him combined with the remaining portion of the herd toward food or water. She also steers her child by grabbing its tail with her trunk and shifting to the proper or left.
An elephant’s trunk also serves as a straw or perhaps a hose. An elephant fills its trunk with up to 5 quarts of water and then empties it into its mouth in order to drink. Elephants also cool off with mud baths, scooping wet soil from the river bottom and flinging it onto their hot skin. When an elephant goes swimming, it uses its trunk as a snorkel.
When elephants have to speak with others in the herd, the trunk and the ears are accustomed to telegraph emotions. Raising the trunk indicates excitement or danger, making trumpeting sounds with the trunk is a sign of joy (especially when combined with flapping ears), and sniffing an item followed by placing the tip of the trunk in the mouth shows curiosity. Like cats, elephants exhibit the Flehmen response if they detect strange scents utilising the Jacobsons organ that is situated in the roof of its mouth. Scents tell the elephant whose been prowling in its territory. When other elephants view a herd member having an apparent sneer on its face, they realize that something interesting has been discovered in the area.
Elephants use their ears as air conditioners. Elephants’ears contain a network of blood vessels that expand during summer and allow body heat to escape. Cooled blood returns to the human body, effectively bringing the elephant’s core temperature down. Elephants thrust out their ears when they need to chill out, and often face toward the prevailing winds to be able to gain the most cooling effectation of the passing breezes.
The multitasking elephant listens having its feet as well as its ears. When an elephant speaks, it generates a low-pitched rumbling sound that is nearly inaudible but that sends vibrations through the earth. Other elephants have the message through their toes. These seismic messages can travel several miles, offering elephant herds very same of telegraph.
And what allows the elephant to maneuver silently over the Savannah? Elephants have a spongy layer of skin on the feet that resembles the only of an excellent couple of sneakers. Like sneakers, this layer also acts as an application of shock absorber, allowing an animal weighing several tons to walk or run without jarring its joints.